# What is the Acid-Test Ratio? Formula & Example

An organization’s acid-test ratio is a measure of its short-term liquidity and its ability to meet its obligations as they come due. The acid-test ratio, also known as the quick ratio, is calculated by dividing a company’s current assets by its current liabilities.

The higher the acid-test ratio, the more likely the company will be able to meet its short-term obligations. A ratio of 1.0 or above is considered healthy, while a ratio below 1.0 may indicate that a company is in danger of not being able to meet its obligations in the near future.

The acid-test ratio can be used to compare companies in the same industry or to track a company’s progress over time. It is also useful for assessing a company’s creditworthiness and for forecasting whether it will need to seek outside financing.

## The Acid-Test Ratio Formula

The acid-test ratio, also known as the quick ratio, is a liquidity ratio that measures a company’s ability to pay its short-term liabilities with its most liquid assets. The formula for the acid-test ratio is:

acid-test ratio = (cash and cash equivalents + marketable securities) / current liabilities

The acid-test ratio is important because it takes into account only the most liquid assets a company has. This is important because some companies have a lot of long-term assets that are not easily converted into cash. These long-term assets would not be included in the calculation of the acid-test ratio, which would give a false impression of the company’s liquidity.

### Example of the Acid-Test Ratio

An acid-test ratio, also called the quick ratio, is a liquidity ratio that measures a company’s ability to pay off its short-term liabilities with its short-term assets. The acid-test ratio is calculated by subtracting inventories from current assets and then dividing the result by current liabilities. This ratio is also known as the liquid ratio or the working capital ratio.

A high acid-test ratio indicates that a company has a large amount of easily converted assets and is therefore in a good position to pay off its short-term liabilities. A low acid-test ratio, on the other hand, may indicate that a company is not in a good position to pay off its short-term liabilities.

The following table shows the acid-test ratios for three companies: Company A, Company B, and Company C.

## Interpretation of the Acid-Test Ratio

An acid-test ratio, also referred to as a liquidity ratio, is a metric used by business owners and investors to measure a company’s ability to pay its short-term liabilities with its short-term assets. The acid-test ratio is calculated by dividing a company’s current assets by its current liabilities.

The higher the acid-test ratio, the more likely the company is able to meet its short-term obligations. A ratio of 1.0 or above is generally considered healthy, while a ratio below 1.0 may indicate that the company is having difficulty meeting its liabilities.

There are several factors that can affect a company’s acid-test ratio, including seasonality, inventory levels, and accounts receivable. It is important to consider these factors when interpreting the acid-test ratio.

## Drawbacks of the Acid-Test Ratio

The acid-test ratio, also known as the quick ratio, is a liquidity ratio that measures a company’s ability to pay short-term debts with its most liquid assets. The acid-test ratio is more conservative than the current ratio, which includes all current assets, including inventory, which may be difficult to sell in a hurry.

While the acid-test ratio is a good measure of liquidity, it does have some drawbacks. First, it does not take into account the company’s long-term debt. Second, it does not include receivables, which may be collected over time. Third, it does not include other assets that could be sold quickly to pay debts. Finally, it is only a snapshot in time and may not reflect the company’s true liquidity position if its current ratios vary significantly from one period to the next.

## What’s the Difference Between Current and Acid-Test Ratios?

The two ratios measure a company’s liquidity, or its ability to meet short-term obligations. The current ratio is calculated by dividing a company’s current assets by its current liabilities. The acid-test ratio, or quick ratio, is calculated by dividing a company’s quick assets by its current liabilities.

Both ratios are important indicators of a company’s financial health, but they tell different stories. The current ratio measures how easily a company can pay its debts over the next 12 months. The acid-test ratio measures how easily a company can pay its debts if it had to sell off its quick assets.

A high current ratio means that a company has more than enough short-term assets to cover its short-term liabilities. This suggests that the company is in good financial shape and can easily pay its debts.